Alfredo Bahena (Dic. 26, 1961-Abr. 18, 2004) es recordado por la Asociación Campesina de Florida y por su comunidad en Pierson, Florida; por su sinceridad, preocupación, dedicación y compromiso de toda la vida por mejorar las condiciones de trabajo y vida de las trabajadoras y los trabajadores agrícolas en su área y a través del estado. Como Coordinador de Salud y Seguridad de la Asociación Campesina de Florida, Alfredo llevó a cabo muchos entrenamientos de pesticidas y abogó por mejorar las normas de salud y seguridad para los lugares de trabajo. También ayudó a personas y familias de la comunidad en temas relacionados con: derechos laborales, migración, vivienda, discriminación en las escuelas y lugares de trabajo y cuando hubo desastres naturales. Alfredo además ayudó a establecer la Unión de Crédito y una tienda de comida. Trabajó en colaboración con grupos locales de la comunidad y defendió los derechos de los y las inmigrantes en las reuniones y foros a través de Florida, a nivel nacional e internacional. Alfredo se ganó el respeto de los representantes de las agencias del gobierno y el amor de su comunidad.
Es por estas razones, en el 2004, los legisladores en Tallahassee honraron la memoria de Alfredo con una nueva ley de protección de los trabajadores agrícolas y sus familias a la cual dieron su nombre.
Muchas gracias compañero Alfredo
April 17th is an important day in the struggle for food sovereignty. Twenty years ago, 19 members of the Landless Workers Movement (MST) in Brazil were killed during a peaceful action to obtain land for farming and other livelihoods.
Now, every April 17th, social movements and allies around the world mobilize actions and events advocating for food sovereignty and agroecology against the agribusiness model of food production. These actions and events engage the broader society in the process of transforming agriculture in order to end hunger, ensure the production of healthy foods, provide viable livelihoods, and fight for climate justice. As the international peasant movement La Via Campesina says, this is a day to “inspire us to continue to develop our work of denunciation and resistance.”
In this moment, we recognize the violence and the criminalization of grassroots organizations and movements struggling for a better world. Resource extraction and industrial agriculture – and the corporate greed and free-market politics supporting them – threaten solutions to the many crises we face. On this day of Peasants’ and Farmers’ Struggles, we honor the lives and work of activists who have been oppressed or killed defending land, water, and indigenous rights against transnational corporate greed and state violence. We also honor the lives and work of activists who continue these struggles.
On April 7th, MST members Vilmar Bordim and Leomar Bhorbak were killed in an attack by Brazil’s State Military Police and private security forces of the logging company Araupel, in an MST encampment on land that had been declared public by the Brazilian Justice Department. We honor their lives and struggle for land. We also remember the work of Berta Caceres, coordinator of the Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH), who was murdered in her home for protecting indigenous lands and waters from destruction and pollution. We also mourn the assassination of Bazooka Rhadebe, Chairperson of the Amadiba Crisis Committee in South Africa, for resisting mining projects on their ancestral lands.
As members of the US Food Sovereignty Alliance (USFSA), we recognize that our current industrial food systems in the US are rooted in structural racism and colonization. We recognize the urgency and responsibility to confront the widespread influence of corporate agribusiness and transnational corporations, many of which are based in the United States. We reject this dominance by US corporations that often comes with political support for repressive and anti-democratic regimes. Within the US, we denounce the devastating policies that have exploited and repressed the working classes, people of color, native peoples, immigrants, and migrant laborers. We work to build solidarity with these communities in the US and across the world.
The United States is now the epicenter of industrial agriculture, and many rural communities are struggling to hold on to their land, their livelihoods, and their health. Over the past 80 years, disastrous free market agribusiness policies that push prices far below a farmer’s cost of production, as well as the spread of monoculture forms of agriculture that require heavy use of pesticides and technology to be economically viable, have left roughly 2.1 million farms in the United States, down from 7 million in 1935. There are as many as 3 million landless farm workers in the United States who face poor wages and are denied basic labor and human rights. Moreover, as older farmers retire over the next 10-20 years, up to 400 million acres of land are expected to change hands, with corporate agribusiness and the banks and investment funds financing them just waiting to acquire it.
The representation of the number of American Indian, Hispanic/Latino, Asian American and African-American farmers and ranchers shows remarkable resilience, growing at a faster rate than White farmers and ranchers (5%, 21%, 10% and 21% respectively, according to the USDA), and reversing earlier declines. Even so, these diverse groups combined operate only about 7% of the farms in the US, leaving 93% controlled by white operators. Additionally, even though 85% of fruits and vegetables are handpicked by millions of farm workers, the population of skilled farm workers, many of whom were farmers in their places of origin, forced out by bad policy in response to unfair trade deals, remain largely invisible.
In urban spaces, after decades of “redlining” and a long history of institutionalized racism and segregation in American cities, communities of color have been left with little employment, few services, and very limited access to healthy food. Now, mega real-estate developers are buying up land in these cities, displacing communities and literally uprooting the gardens and urban farms that communities created to ensure that families could eat.
The concentration of the commons into corporate hands extends beyond land to our waters as well. Fishermen are facing a rapid privatization and financialization of the fisheries as the “right to fish” is commodified and sold to the highest bidder, opening the floodgates to banks and corporations to buy up massive and exclusive control over the fisheries and the oceans.
On this April 17, the USFSA calls on its member organizations and its allies to organize actions and events for food sovereignty and food justice. At our 3rd Membership Assembly and 5th anniversary as an Alliance, the USFSA strengthened its commitment to building up the power of its grassroots and food producer member organizations in the United States – small farmers, landless farm workers, family fishermen, and urban gardeners – and strengthening ties of international solidarity around the world, to advance food sovereignty and food justice “in the belly of the beast.”
The US Food Sovereignty Alliance works to end poverty, rebuild local food economies, and assert democratic control over the food system. We believe all people have the right to healthy, culturally appropriate food, produced in an ecologically sound manner. As a US-based alliance of food justice, anti-hunger, labor, environmental, faith-based, and food producer groups, we uphold the right to food as a basic human right and work to connect our local and national struggles to the international movement for food sovereignty.
Images credited to La Via Campesina.
FLORIDA STATE AND UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA law students stand on a dock at Lake Apopka, while learning about the effects pesticides have had on the lake and its various animal populations during this year’s alternative spring break event. The lake trip was part of a “Toxic Tour” throughout Apopka with the Farmworker Association of Florida during which the students learned about the history of pesticide use in Florida agriculture and its present-day effects on the agricultural workers and lands in Southwest Florida. The group also trained in Immokalee with Florida Rural Legal Services on various aspects of migrant worker law and met with the Collier County Sheriff’s Office Human Trafficking Task Force to learn about the current state of trafficking laws in Florida, and how law enforcement is using the law to catch traffickers and protect victims.
Article appreader at Floridabar.org
Yesterday, at 1am, Berta Cáceres, a Lenca Indigenous woman and an internationally recognized leader, was assassinated in her home. Berta was supposed to be under special protection by the local authorities because of the innumerable death threats that she received. As General Coordinator of the Civic Council of Grassroots and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras (COPINH), Berta Cáceres was an organizer working at the frontlines in the struggle against the expropriation of land and water from her community by the construction of the Agua Zarca hydropower dam project in the Gualcarque River basin, promoted by the company Desarrollos Energéticos S.A. (DESA) and financed by foreign investors.
She was a courageous voice in defense of Lenca communities and the struggle for the rights of people and of Mother Earth. During her 2015 Goldman Environmental Prize Award ceremony, Berta shared these words:
“In our worldview, we are beings who come from the Earth, from the water, and from corn. The Lenca people are ancestral guardians of the rivers, in turn protected by the spirits of young girls, who teach us that giving our lives in various ways for the protection of the rivers is giving our lives for the well-being of humanity and of this planet… Let us wake up! We’re out of time. WE must shake our conscience free of the rapacious capitalism, racism and patriarchy that will only assure our own self-destruction.
“Our Mother Earth – militarized, fenced-in, poisoned, a place where basic rights are systematically violated – demands that we take action.”
The atrocious crime happened just three months shy of the seventh anniversary of the coup d’état that devastated Honduras and had rippling effects across the American continent. In the first year of the coup, 43 people were killed - half of them were trade union members. Since 2009, there have been over 100 organizers killed, many of them Indigenous Peoples and small scale farmers engaged in nonviolent struggles for land and territory, including Tomás Garcia of COPINH and Margarita Murillo of La Vía Campesina Honduras. Thousands of people left the country, a place considered one of the most unsafe places on Earth. Unaccompanied children travelled alone to find safety in the US, only to be held in makeshift warehouses and deported back to the very place they had fled. At the same, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization for the American States reports that children from 5 to 23 years are receiving military training in Honduras.
The murder of Berta Cáceres is a direct result of the ill-advised US policies for Latin America. It is past time for the US government to recognize that the financial and political support it has provided to the 2009 military coup and to the current Honduran government only fuels abuses by military personnel and the role of death squads against journalists, students and organizers, especially those at the forefront of defending land, territory, and natural resources. Berta had warned that DESA was once again invading Lenca territories, this time accompanied by private and public armed forces, including the military police called "Tigres" – trained and financed by the United States. Furthermore, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is directly supporting the Agua Zarca project through the USAID MERCADO program.
Besides Berta, other leaders from trade unions and peasant, Indigenous and Afro-descendent organizations are frequent targets of death threats. We ask friends and allies to participate in local actions to demand a prompt and full investigation into the killing of Berta Cáceres. We call on everyone determined to uphold human rights to immediately contact their congressional representatives, advise them that the US support to Honduras and to the Agua Zarca hydroelectric dam project is destroying democratic rule in Honduras and killing innocent people, and demand an immediate end to such support.
Finally, we support the rightful demands of COPINH and of all Indigenous communities to protect and defend their lands and to prevent unwanted megaprojects in their territory, starting with the Agua Zarca dam project on the sacred Gualcarque River.
The US Food Sovereignty Alliance, United States
Grassroots Global Justice Alliance, United States
Community to Community, United States
Food First, United States
Farmworker Association of Florida
Movement Generation: Justice and Ecology Project, United States
“For decades, Berta Caceres gave everything she had to the causes of true democracy; indigenous power; protection of the earth, the forests, the rivers; rights of women and LGBT individuals; and an end of tyranny by the US government, transnational capital, and Honduran oligarchy. Berta advanced these agendas not only in Honduras, but globally - most recently even in an audience with the Pope. Now, the one thing she did not freely give has been taken from her: her very life. But she is not gone; she lives on in all of us who continue to believe in and work for a just, humane, and ecologically safe world.” – Beverly Bell, Other Worlds
“The assassination of Berta Caceres is a tremendous loss to us, and to all communities who seek justice and dignity. And her murder is an indictment on an insatiable and immoral system – supported by US policies since the 2009 coup – that grabs ancestral lands from indigenous communities, poisons and privatizes waterways and seeks profit above all else. She stood courageously in the face of mounting threats, knowing the dangers, and with love in her heart, organized to protect the lands and waters of the Lenca people. We mourn with and call on the international community to take action, to bring justice for Berta and to work to continue her legacy.” – Chung-Wha Hong, Grassroots International
¨A Honduran friend who recognizes his Lenca ancestry called me today and declared: They have killed Lempira again. They killed the person carrying the banner of Indigenous Dignity the Highest, Berta Caceres. Lempira was the Lenca leader killed by the Spanish at the time of conquest. I agree: On March 3, 2016 Lempira Was Killed Again. I mourn for our collective loss and the loss of a beautiful, inspirational sister of supreme struggle.¨ - Stephen Bartlett, Agricultural Missions
“Berta was a tenacious leader. She worked tirelessly to bring indigenous and peasant families into international alliances to contain the greed of international capital for local resources. Above all, Berta was a dear friend and a sister in the struggle for many people in Central America and beyond. The loss of Berta Caceres is now our mística, the energy that will unify us and will sustain our struggle for a more just society.” – Saulo Araujo, WhyHunger
”At Grassroots Global Justice Alliance we are saddened and enraged by the murder of our compañera Berta. She stood up fiercely against her government and trans-national corporations, but always grounded in her love for people and the land. We will continue to live up to the example that she set to fight for land, for life, for dignity, and for happiness! The US government is as much responsible for her death as the people who invaded her home. We will not forget the fights Berta has been engaged in, Let's channel her strength and her courage to continue her legacy.” - Cindy Wiesner on behalf of Grassroots Global Justice Alliance
HB 89: Florida Kidcare Program
Sponsor: Rep. Jose Felix Diaz
SUPPORT: SB 248: Medical Assistance
Funding for Lawfully Residing Children
Sponsor: Senator Rene Garcia
This bill would extend health-care coverage to nearly 17,000 lawfully residing children of immigrants by eliminating the five-year waiting period to be eligible for Florida Kidcare.
WE OPPOSE TO:
CS/HB 9: Reentry into State by Certain Persons
Sponsor: Rep. Carlos Trujillo
This bill would make it a third degree felony to re-enter into the state of Florida after having been deported from the U.S. This would be punishable by up to 5 years in prison and $5,000 in fines.
SB 118: Persons Subject to Final Deportation Orders
Sponsor: Senator Travis Hutson
This bill would make it a first degree felony for a person who has an order of deportation to continue living in the state of Florida, which would be punishable by up to 30 years in prison and $10,000 in fines..
HB 675 / SB 872: Federal Immigration Enforcement
Sponsor: Rep. Larry Metz
Sponsor: Senator Aaron Bean
This bill is attempting to obstruct the power and authority of local governments to protect the civil rights of their communities; would force local governments and law enforcement to cooperate with federal immigration authorities at a level that is not mandated or funded by the federal government and may even turn school boards, administrators, teachers into immigration agents; would authorize the Attorney General to sue local governments and officials who do not comply, and would fine localities up to $5,000 per day for not enforcing the policies, and would make local governments vulnerable to civil cause of action for personal injury or wrongful death.
SB 150: Offenses by Illegal Immigrants
Sponsor: Senator Travis Hutson
This bill would enhance the penalties of criminal offenses committed by undocumented immigrants.
HB 563 / SB 750: Temporary Cash Assistance Program
Sponsor: Rep. Matt Gaetz
Sponsor: Senator Travis Hutson
Seeking to penalize mixed status immigrant families, the income of a primary member of the family, who is undocumented, but is not legally eligible to receive benefits must report their income in determining eligibility for the whole family. The impact of this bill would be decreasing the amount of assistance for the whole family.
HB 1095 / SB 1712: Prevention of Acts of War
Sponsor: Rep. Lake Ray
Sponsor: Senator Wilton Simpson
This bill is meant to limit the access to resources of refugees and immigrants in the state. The bill would prohibit state, political subdivisions, agencies &
employees, & persons receiving state funds from assisting refugees and immigrants. It would also require any of these entities offering assistance to submit personal identifying information of refugees and immigrants to the Florida Department of Law Enforcement. Furthermore, the bill would authorize the Governor and Attorney General to challenge federal laws and regulations encouraging refugee resettlement and directs the Governor and Attorney General to prevent entry into or resettlement in state of certain restricted persons.
Orlando Sentinel Letters to the Editor for February 8, 2016.
Farmworkers at risk every day
The incident of farmworkers being exposed to pesticides from drift in an aerial application on a farm in Belle Glade is only one of the more egregious cases of what happens on a less dramatic scale to farmworkers every day.
Contrary to some sentiments, farmworkers frequently experience less severe, but equally important, symptoms — skin rashes, headache, nausea, dizziness, vomiting — daily. The problem is three-fold: Many farmworkers are not aware that these signs may be related to pesticide exposure; health-care providers are not trained to identify these symptoms in their farmworker patients, and they do not generally take an occupational health history of their clients; and most farmworkers cannot afford to miss a day of work and/or they are too afraid to complain about their health problems for fear of being labeled a troublemaker.
This is not supposition or speculation. This is what we hear almost every day, every week at the Farmworker Association of Florida. In addition, chronic pesticide exposure can lead to serious long-term health problems, even learning disabilities and ADHD in the children of agricultural workers. Regarding workplace violations, farmworkers tell us all the time that growers will have workers clean up a site so that everything is in order when they know there is an inspector coming.
The current ugly anti-immigrant rhetoric today only exacerbates this problem. For everyone who eats, we need to thank farmworkers — documented or undocumented — for feeding us every day at the risk to their health.
Jeannie Economos health and safety coordinator, Farmworker Association of Florida, Apopka
Florida legislators are giving-in to the “Trump Effect” and attacking immigrant families by proposing up to nine (9) hateful laws that separate families and criminalize mothers and fathers.
This Wednesday, the House of Representatives will bring HB675 to a final vote, one of the worst of all the anti-immigrant bills.
HB675 is a Poli-Migra bill. It will make it mandatory for Local Governments, Police and Schools to enforce immigration laws, reporting and holding in detention immigrants ONLY for being undocumented.
HB675 will increase again the deportation of mothers and fathers whose only crime is to be undocumented, work to sustain their families or drive without a license.
HB675 will basically turn Police and Teachers into immigration agents. Immigrant families will fear calling the Police to report crimes or taking their children to school.
HB675 will for local governments to use our taxes to pay for this work because the Federal govt has not assigned funds to it.
Miami-Dade County Commissioners and Sheriffs in Broward, Hernando, Hillsborough, Palm Beach, Pinellas and Pasco Counties had already opted out of doing immigration work because it was wasting their resources in deporting community members and separating families. HB675 will make it mandatory for them to enforce deportation laws again and will allow the state to sue them if they don’t.
We expect our Lt. Governor and all the Latino Representatives to stop this bill and vote against it Representatives Jeanette Nuñez (Chair of the Legislative Hispanic Caucus), Rene Plasencia (Orlando) and Jose Felix Diaz (Chair of the Miami-Dade Legislative Delegation), will you defend your community?
We expect the Miami-Dade Legislative Delegation and its Chair, Representative Jose Felix Diaz, to defend their community and respect the leadership of the Miami-Dade County Commission who unanimously passed a resolution opposing this bill on January 20, 2016.
Samples tweets to STOP HB675
Twitter handles for statewide targets:
@LopezCantera, Lt. Governor Carlos Lopez Cantera
@RepJNunez, Rep. Jeanette Nuñez Chair Florida Hispanic Caucus
Miami: @josefelixdiaz Rep. Jose Felix Diaz, Chair Miami-Dade Delegation
Orlando: @CoachP_CHS - Rep. Rene Plasencia
#WeAreFlorida and we say NO to anti-immigrant laws! (insert twitter handle for your Representative or statewide target) stop #HB675 #AltoTrump
#HB675 could turn Police and Teachers into Immigration agents. (insert twitter handle for your Representative or statewide target) stop it! #WeAreFlorida #AltoTrump
#HB675 will deport more immigrants and separate their families! (insert twitter handle for your Representative or statewide target) #WeAreFlorida #AltoTrump
#HB675 will force (insert your County) to use our taxes to separate immigrant families. (insert twitter handle for your Representative or statewide target) VOTE NO!
#WeAreFlorida. (insert twitter handle for your Representative or statewide target), stand with your community! Stop #HB675 and all anti-immigrant laws in #Florida #WeAreFlorida #AltoTrump
We expect (insert twitter handle for your Representative or statewide target) to defend their community and vote against #HB675 #WeAreFlorida
We expect @josefelixdiaz @RepJNunez and the @DadeDelegation to defend their community and vote against #HB675 #WeAreFlorida
#MiamiDade Commissioners oppose #HB675. @josefelixdiaz @RepJNunez @DadeDelegation VOTE NO! #WeAreFlorida
From November 22 to December 4, 2015, 3 FWAF staff members, along with allies from El Comite de Apoyo a los Trabajadores Agrícolas (CATA), Centro Campesino, Why Hunger, Boricua, and Southeastern African American Farmers Organic Network (SAAFON), traveled to Cuba for the V International Encounter on Agroecology, Sustainable Agriculture, and Cooperatives, followed by a training on the Campesino-a-Campesino methodology, organized by the Asociación Nacional de Pequeños Agricultores (ANAP) and La Vía Campesina. In total, 255 delegated from 28 countries participated. FWAF's participation in the convenings was a continuation of the formation process to deepen our understanding and practice of Agroecology with farmworkers communities in Florida, a process which also involves other farmworkers and small farmers organizations that participate in the agroecology Encounter that FWAF hosted in Florida in February of 2015.
(Paris, December 9, 2015) Nearly 200 grassroots activists converged and marched, chanted, and sang with colorful banners, posters and outside the Vincennes detention center in Paris where several immigrants are illegally detained by the French government.
The Vincennes detention center where grassroots communities gathered is of particular significance, as it was the site of an historic uprising after the death of a Tunisian man while in custody in 2008. This uprising brought national attention to the inhumane treatment of migrants and refugees in detention in Paris.
It Takes Roots delegates organized and participated in this march in solidarity with thousands of impacted refugees and migrants, detained by the French government. Local community leaders, members of la Via Campesina and activists working at the intersections of migrant and refugee rights joined our delegation.
This action was in deep solidarity with refugees fleeing situations of grave conflict, and made vital connections between migrant rights, Indigenous rights, gender equality, and climate change.
Key spokespeople at the march highlighted how social and environmental justice are deeply linked, and the largely US delegation expressed their solidarity with migrant rights, especially activists working with immigrant communities along the US-Mexico border, and Indigenous activists, who highlighted how colonialism is not really dead, but alive in new and dangerous ways.
Press release from It Takes Roots
More information here.
Without farmworkers, there would be no Thanksgiving harvests to feed the millions of people in the United States today. That is why, during this week, we are recognizing, honoring and thanking the hard-working farmworkers and their families who make our Thanksgiving feasts possible. The people who dig the sweet potatoes, pick the string beans, harvest the corn, cut the cabbage, toss the pumpkins into the trucks, reap and pack all the other fruits and vegetables that grace our tables are doing the work that is necessary to our survival. We depend upon them. Their work is our sustenance.
This week, we are making a special effort to honor and thank farmworkers in Florida and around the country. All year long, we work to get better protections for farmworkers from pesticide exposure. We take actions against cases of wage theft and harassment. We train farmworkers on their rights in the workplace and organize them to participate in issues of concern to them and their families. The community gardens are places for our farmworker members to build community, exchange ideas, pass on knowledge, and find joy and satisfaction. Yet, too many farmworkers still go hungry. There is much more yet to do to achieve equitable and just working conditions for this nation’s farmworkers.
As members of the Food Chain Workers Alliance, the Farmworker Association of Florida celebrates International Food Workers Week with stories about farmworkers who have made a difference in their communities. FWAF staff member, Miguel Zelaya, has worked in every kind of crop grown in Florida. He now dedicates his time to training and empowering other farmworkers in the community to work for social change and economic and social justice.
On Thanksgiving 2015, we hope you will join us in taking a moment on Thanksgiving to give thanks to farmworkers, to let your dinner guests know about the conditions farmworkers face, and to make a commitment to work for justice for farmworkers in 2016 and beyond.
We wish all our friends, allies and supporters a very happy Thanksgiving holiday season.
Sí, Se Puede!
"This past Friday our Apopka office hosted a speaker who shared her experiences and advocacy around forced disappearances in Mexico. Nadín Reyes Maldonado talked to a group of community members and students about how common these forced disappearances can be, and how they are often blamed on drug cartels. She also shared her personal losses and the risk she takes by speaking against the Mexican government. We applaud her bravery and the invaluable work she does everyday. We heard many positive comments afterwards from folks just how important it was to tell these stories and to spread this awareness. We honor and respect the tremendous work that they are doing. A Huge Thank you to Witness for Peace Southeast, We stand in solidarity with you!
You can check out their organization here
On a cool November day in 2009, farmworker Jovita Alfau was transplanting hibiscus as she’d been instructed in a section of Power Bloom Farms and Growers nursery in Homestead, Fla.
As she began pulling up the seedlings from the pots, she began to “feel dizzy and weak, experienced numbness in her mouth and vomited,” according to a complaint she would later file against her employer in federal district court in southern Florida.
Alfau had no idea why she was feeling so ill, but lawyers from the Migrant Farmworker Justice Project representing her in the lawsuit learned through deposition that the area of the nursery where the hibiscus grew had been sprayed with the pesticide endosulfan less than 24 hours earlier, according to the lawsuit. Her employer allegedly failed to warn her about the required elapse time before it was safe to enter. Alfau had been wearing no protective gear.
Alfau alleges in the lawsuit that there were times when the applicators sprayed the nursery even while she and her fellow farmworkers were tending the plants.
The nursery denied wrongdoing, but settled with the then 43-year-old single mother of three in 2012 for $100,000. Asked by New America Media recently whether his nursery was still using endosulfan, Power Bloom president Steve Power said he had no comment.
It was pesticide poisonings like Alfau’s, as well as years of pressure from a broad coalition of environmentalists, health care advocates, farmworkers and scientists, that many believe was responsible for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s announcement of a six-year phase-out of the pesticide in 2010.
The federal agency negotiated an agreement with the compound’s sole manufacturer, Makhteshim Agan, based in Israel at the time, to stop using the pesticide crop-by-crop.
Its 8:45 AM and a small crowd of community members clutching flyers grows outside the Farmworker Association office in Central Florida. The Association’s doors open promptly at 9, and by 9:15, more than 50 students await information on a new English program that they heard about in mass last Sunday.
The group that gathered is unique in a number of ways. They are mostly individuals eligible for DACA but for the education requirement. “Que es DACA,” (What is DACA?) one of the community members asks.
Jose Luis Marantes, organizer with the Florida Immigrant Rights Coalition (FLIC), explains that Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) is a form of relief given to people who arrived to the United States under the age of 16 undocumented, and he lists the other qualifying criteria, including the education requirements.
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